Eldoret is northwest of Nairobi, near Uganda.
The name "Eldoret" is based on the Maasai word "eldore" meaning "stony river" because the bed of the nearby Sosiani River is very stony. A "t" was added to make it sound like a Nandi word. At start of the colonial era, the area was occupied by the Nandi, before that by the Maasai and before that the Sirikwa.
The town is now home to a large market, Moi University and Eldoret International Airport. It is also known for its cheese factory. Major industries include textiles, wheat, pyrethrum and corn. The town has a number of factories.
Eldoret is the hometown of numerous legendary Kenyan runners, the most renowned of whom is Kipchoge Keino. The high altitude is an ideal training ground for many middle and long distance athletes. The runners from Eldoret have contributed significantly to the economy of Eldoret town from their winnings in races all over the world.
Eldoret has a cold and wet, tropical climate. The amount of rainfall depends essentially on season. The rainiest months are April and May, while in January to February the rainfall is minimal.
Eldoret is governed by a municipal council. The municipality is divided into thirteen wards. Six of them (Eldoret North, Huruma, Kamukunji, Kapyemit, Kidiwa/Kapasuswa, and Stadium/Industrial) are in Eldoret North Constituency, Three (Hospital, Kapsoya and Kimumu/Sergoit) are in Eldoret East Constituency, and the remaining four (Kipkenyo, Langas, Pioneer/Elgon View and Race Course) are part of Eldoret South Constituency.
All of these three constituencies have more wards within other local authorities than Eldoret municipality.
The current mayor of Eldoret is Jonah Maiyo.